Constitution of the Plurinational State of Bolivia

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CHAPTER III: Civil and Political Rights

Section I: Civil Rights

Article 21

Bolivians have the following rights:

  1. To cultural self-identification.
  2. To privacy, intimacy, honor, their self image and dignity.
  3. To freedom of belief, spirituality, religion and cult, expressed individually or collectively, in public and in private, for legal purposes.
  4. To freedom of assembly and association, publicly and privately, for legal purposes.
  5. To freely express and disseminate thoughts and opinions by any means of oral, written or visual communication, individually or collectively.
  6. To have access to information and to interpret, analyze and communicate it freely, individually or collectively.
  7. To freedom of residence, permanence and circulation throughout the territory of Bolivia, which includes the right to leave and enter the country.


CHAPTER VII: Social Communication

Article 106

  1. The State guarantees the right to communication and the right to information.
  2. The State guarantees the right of Bolivians to freedom of expression, opinion and information, to rectification and reply, and the right to freely publish ideas by whatever means of dissemination, without prior censorship.
  3. The State guarantees freedom of expression and the right to communication and information to workers of the press.
  4. The conscience clause of the information workers is recognized.

Article 107

  1. The public means of communication must contribute to the promotion of the ethical, moral and civic-minded values of the different cultures of the country with the production and dissemination of multi-lingual educational programs and in an alternative language for the disabled.
  2. Information and opinions issued by the public means of communication must respect the principles of truth and responsibility. These principles shall be put into practice through the rules of ethics and self-regulation of the organizations of journalists and of the means of communication and their law.
  3. The public means of communication shall not form, either directly or indirectly, monopolies or oligopolies.
  4. The State shall support the creation of communitarian means of communication with equal conditions and opportunities.


CHAPTER III: States of Emergency

Article 137

In the case of danger to the security of the State, external threat, internal disturbance or national disaster, the President of the State shall have the power to declare a state of emergency, wherever necessary in all or part of the territory. The declaration of the state of emergency shall not, in any case, suspend the guarantees of rights, nor the fundamental rights, the right of due process, the right to information and the rights of persons deprived of liberty.




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